Thursday, September 23, 2010

Diabetes - Quiz & info.

Dear all,

I have just came across this piece of info which i would love to share with u all,

Feel free to try this QUIZ on the following website :

These are some of the information which i've obtained from the above link :

There is no way to predict who will develop diabetes over a lifetime.That means the best thing you can do is learn how to manage the risk factors you can control. Doing so will help you keep your risk low.

a) Controlling Risk by Nurturing Healthy Habits

You can't do anything about risk factors you can't control, which, in addition to age, include: -

- Family history.
- Race. (Alaska Natives, American Indians, African-Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Asian-Americans, and Pacific Islanders, all have a higher risk.)
- Having had certain conditions such as gestational diabetes or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

But risk factors such as

* unmanaged hypertension or
* being overweight

can be addressed by developing healthy habits that will lower your risk for diabetes.

Healthy habits include:

A- Eating a balanced diet that is high in fiber and low in saturated and trans fats.

B - Getting regular exercise.

C- Having regular checkups and working closely with the doctor to keep yourblood pressure under control and your cholesterol levels within the recommended target range.

D- Protecting your heart by avoiding tobacco smoke, limiting alcohol consumption, maintaining a healthy weight, and reducing stress.

These healthy habits will help protect you from diabetes as well as help you manage other health conditions and lower your risk for heart attack and stroke.

Get regular exercise. Moving your body at least 30 minutes a day, five days a week can help you maintain a healthy weight, which is important in preventing diabetes.

It can also lower your risk for heart attack and stroke, certain types of cancer, and osteoporosis (bone loss). Regular activity can also help improve your mood, reduce stress, and improve your sleep (as long as you do not exercise in the evening before bedtime).

Healthy Eating Tips

These simple steps can help you eat well and maintain a healthy weight.

1.Be a savvy shopper. Buy fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables and whole-grain breads and cereals. Avoid packaged or prepared foods, which are high in fat and sodium.

2.Plan ahead for healthy between-meal snacks. Choose low-calorie, filling foods such as an apple, a handful of almonds, or a nonfat yogurt. When making sweet snacks or desserts, you can use a sugar substitute rather than sugar in the recipe as a way to lower the calorie count.

3.Watch portion sizes. One simple way to do this is to avoid going back for seconds. Using smaller plates and bowls can also help keep portions smaller. Most restaurant portions are oversized, but you can ask to have half of your meal wrapped up so you can take it home.

4.Beware of beverages. Many beverages are a hidden source of calories. Soda is full of calories and provides no health benefits, so it's best to avoid it. Fruit juice, while nutritious, contains a lot of sugar, so try mixing it with seltzer for a refreshing, lower-calorie drink. And if you drink alcohol, limiting yourself to no more than one drink a day for women or two drinks a day for men will help you eliminate empty calories.

You can reduce your risk even more by decreasing your waist size to less than 35 inches.

*** For every 2 inches lost in the waist, the risk reduction is significant.
The best way to reduce waist size is with a calorie-restricted diet. For specific advice, you can talk with a doctor or nutritionist.


The more you know about type 2 diabetes, the better equipped you'll be to handle daily decision-making. Here are the answers to the true/false questions about diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed only in adults, whereas type 1 diabetes is diagnosed only in children. True or False?

The answer is False.

Although both type 1 and type 2 diabetes affect the way the body controls the level of blood glucose, the two conditions are very different. What are the differences & what is type 1 & type 2 are all about ?

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system attacks the pancreas. Eventually, the pancreas is unable to produce insulin, requiring lifelong insulin injections or an insulin pump (and close monitoring of blood sugar levels). Previously known as juvenile-onset diabetes, type 1 diabetes is usually detected in childhood, but it can also be diagnosed in adults. Type 1 diabetes has a genetic component, but it is also possible for environmental factors, such as exposure to a virus, to trigger the destructive immune process.

In type 2 diabetes, the body may produce insulin, but the body's cells don't respond to insulin normally. The result is that glucose starts to build up in the bloodstream, and without glucose in the cells, the body feels fatigued. Although sometimes called adult-onset diabetes, with the growing rate of childhood obesity, an increasing number of kids are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. The increase has been seen most often in ethnic populations in which diabetes is most prevalent -- Native Americans, African-Americans and Hispanic/Latino-Americans.

Eating a lot of sugar causes type 2 diabetes. True or False?

The answer is False.

Eating sugar will not cause type 2 diabetes. Consuming too many calories and becoming overweight is what makes the body resistant to insulin and allows blood glucose levels to increase.

Foods high in sugar, such as cookies, pie, or ice cream, can be part of a diet if eaten only occasionally and in small portions. Also, when such high-calorie, high-sugar foods are eaten, they must be accounted for in the day's total calorie count. The World Health Organization has recommended that sugar not make up more than 10% of your dietary caloric intake -- that's about one 8-ounce serving of cranberry juice.

People with type 2 diabetes don't need to take insulin. True or False?

The answer is False.

Even though type 2 diabetes used to be called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, insulin is necessary for some people who have type 2 diabetes. When you were first diagnosed, your doctor probably suggested trying to control blood sugar by following a strict diet, increasing physical activity, and losing weight if you were overweight. For some people, that does the trick. For others, though, even with careful attention to diet and exercise, treatment with medication is needed. Some medications for type 2 diabetes are taken by injection, including insulin. Other medications for type 2 diabetes are pills that can be taken by mouth. Your doctor will work with you to find a regimen that works to control your glucose level.

Alcoholic beverages can cause low blood sugar in people taking insulin. True or False?

The answer is True.

Scientists recently learned that alcohol affects the pancreas, making the pancreas less able to adjust to changes in insulin secretion. After drinking excess alcohol, the body pumps out insulin, which decreases the level of glucose in the blood, and alcohol's metabolism in the liver can result in an independent drop in blood sugar. These effects, combined with the blood-sugar-lowering action of any diabetes medication you are taking can make the glucose level drop too low, causing an episode of hypoglycemia. Because the brain needs a certain level of glucose in order to function properly, episodes of hypoglycemia can be dangerous. The dangerous effects of hypoglycemia on the brain range from slowed reaction times to seizures or coma.


Courtesy to WebMD


Anonymous said...

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Choy HH said...

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Choy HH said...

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