I am adding up some extra points for the previous entry (Urolithiasis):
* Drinking a lot of water is best (enough to produce about 2 liters of urine a day).
* Those with a tendency to form calcium stones may want to avoid foods rich in calcium (dairy products) and abstain from taking non-prescribed calcium pill supplements.
* Those prone to get calcium oxalate stones may be advised to avoid the consumption of foods high in oxalates (cola, coffee, chocolate, nuts, spinach, strawberries, wheat bran, tea)
* Medical therapy is available for those with known conditions that predispose to stone formation.
1. Lithotripsy ***
Lithotripsy uses ultrasound waves to break up kidney stones and gallstones. The treatment is performed in hospital using special equipment and is becoming more and more common. Also know as Shockwave therapy (F-SWL) .
Lithotripsy uses the technique of focused shock waves to fragment a stone in the kidney or the ureter. The patient is placed in a tub of water or in contact with a water-filled cushion, and a shock wave is created which is focused on the stone. The wave shatters and fragments the stone. The resulting debris, called gravel, then passes through the remainder of the ureter, through the bladder, and through the urethra during urination. There is minimal chance of damage to skin or internal organs because biologic tissues are resilient, not brittle, and because the the shock waves are not focused on them.
— Joseph Knight, PA
2. Surgical intervention - cystoscope *** or open surgery
3. Extra :
* With plenty of water, most stones can pass through if small.
* Pain-killers (as prescribed by the doctor)
* Some medications may help 'breakdown' larger stone
A lot of info can be obtain from this lovely website (it is not written in a complex manner)
Reference : http://www.digitalnaturopath.com/cond/C159729.html